Nutrition and Vitamins

Good nutrition is very important for both your general and eye health. Good nutrition helps your body grow, repair and protect against infections, as well as function properly.

Research suggests that antioxidants reduce your risk of cataracts and macular degeneration. They help to maintain healthy cells and tissues in the eye. The main focus has been on the antioxidants vitamins A, C and E, which can have additional benefits as well; for example, vitamin A protects against blindness, and vitamin C may play a role in preventing or alleviating glaucoma.

200464129-001These vitamins can be found in many different sources of fruit and vegetables such as:

  • oranges
  • kiwis
  • grapefruit
  • dried apricots
  • tomatoes
  • peppers
  • raw carrots
  • green leafy vegetables including kale and spinach
  • green peas
  • green beans
  • brussels sprouts.

They can also be found in nuts, seeds, dairy products, eggs and many more.

Lutein And Eye Health

More recently it has been suggested that two types of antioxidants, known as ‘carotenoids’, called Lutein (pronounced Loo-teen) and Zeaxanthin (pronounced Zay-a-za-thin) may also help with eye health. Some studies have found that people who have a good diet rich in carotenoids, particularly lutein and zeaxanthin, have a lower risk of developing AMD.

Lutein can be found in:

  • yellow peppers,
  • mango,
  • bilberries,
  • Green leafy vegetables such as kale, spinach, chard and broccoli.

Zeaxanthin can be found in:

  • Orange
  • sweet peppers,
  • broccoli,
  • corn,
  • lettuce (not iceberg),
  • spinach,
  • tangerines,
  • eggs

Essential fatty acids appear to help the eye in a variety of ways, from alleviating symptoms of dry eye syndrome to guarding against macular damage. There is a growing body of evidence that conditions like Diabetes, and Glaucoma can also be helped by nutritional therapy.

In general, you should eat plenty of green, leafy vegetables, two servings of fish per week, some nuts and some yellow or orange fruits and vegetables. Bon appétit!

Vitamin Supplements and the eye

nutrition and vitamins icapDietary supplements are available to purchase if you think you are not meeting these nutritional needs.

All our Optometrists are well versed in nutritional therapy, not all Vitamins etc are suitable for everyone; please ask us before starting on nutrition therapy. If you have any questions please contact your local practice and see what we can do for you.

Eye Bar – Specialist Eye Supplement Alternative

nutrition and vitamins Eye Bar Supplement.jpegFor all of you who find taking capsules and tablets uncomforable and can have trouble digesting them. The Eye Bar is a pleasant alternative way to take the vitamins and minerals you need. The Eye Bar is made from quality chocolate which contains antioxidants, fortified with vitamins C and E, Zinc, Lutein, Zeaxanthin and Copper.

Each box contains 30 individually wrapped bars, one or two to be enjoyed everyday

Recommended Vitamins

Always consult your Optom, GP or Pharmacist before starting supplements.


Dry Eyes Diabetes Glaucoma Cataract ARMD
Vitamin A Vitamin C Ginko Biloba Vitamin C Lutein
Vitamin E Vitamin E Bilberry Vitamin E Zeaxanthin
Zinc Manganese Alpha Lipoic Acid Zinc Zinc
Omega 3 Ginko Biloba Forskolin Selenium Ginko Biloba
Bilberry MSM Beta Carotene Bilberry
Alpha Lipoic Acid Zinc
Zinc Vitamin B
Vitamin E